Type section of the Formations in Iraq
Dear Geologists, professor Kamal Haji Karim try to collect photos of all type sections of the Formations in Iraq. He tries to organize all photos in a report and the present below photos are part of that report. The aim of this report is helping our students to better understanding of the geology of Iraq.
The type section of Pila Spi Formation (locally Kela Spy village) which mean white tomb stone is now covered by the water of Darbandikhan dam, so another section is indicated by previous authors near Kasti village about 12km to the north of Darbandikan town on the road between Sulaimani city and above town. the above photo belongs to this new section, GPS location 35o 09– 12.39= N, 45o 41– 39.76=
Typesection of Kometan Formation, GPS location 36o 24– 07.61= N, 44o 57– 29.24=
GPS location 35o 57– 08.59= N, 44o 57– 03.36=
Type section of Sagerma Formation
This formation is proposed by Lawa (2004) in his PhD thesis and indicated its type section on the Southwestern limb of Sagerma (or Sagrma) anticline at about 14 kms to the southwest of Qaradagh town (Fig.1 a). At the latitude and longitude of 35 20 01.57N and 45 15 41.70 E respectively.
The location and field photos that are published by the above author is checked by the present author and the checking proved that the claimed formation is consist of Pila Spi Formation and equivalent of Gercus (Kurmala Formation) which repeated by refolding along the southwestern limb of Sargrma anticline.
In this thesis, Lawa mentioned a name of a paper under the title of “. Lawa, F. A, 2004, in press: New proposed lithostratigraphic rock unit, Sagerma Formation of Middle Eocene age, Sulanimanyia District ”. The name of Sagerma formation is appeared in abstracts by Amen (2008), Lawa, and Albayati, (2008) and in Cenozoic stratigraphic column of Middle East by Al-Husseini (2008).Unfortunately the published full text of the above latter four papers not appeared yet.
The occurrence of Khurmala Formation is mentioned by Karim (1997) in Sartak Bamo Area about 25km to the southeast of Darbandikhan town (see http://kurdistan-geology.com/?p=384). He referred to a succession of marly limestone (about 20 m thick) as Khurmala Formation above Sinjar Formation. He found Gypsum nodules and dwarfed fossils in it.
Type section of Hadiena Formation
The studied section (type section) is located at the 200 m south of Hadiena village at 30 km to the north of Amedi town. Globally, Its location approximately is along longitude 43°20’54” E, with base at about lat. 37°14’29” N, 700 meters south of the stream which runs east-west, immediately to the north of the village, and with top at lat. 37°14’02” N, about 1380 meters south of stream.
The type section of Hadiena Formation
Al-Husseini, M I. 2008. Launch of the Middle East Geologic Time Scale. GeoArabia, Vol. 13, No. 4.
Lawa, F, A, 2008. Sequence Stratigraphy and Basin Modeling of the Eocene Succession from Kurdistan Region, Northeastern Iraq (Abstract). GEO 2008–Middle East Conference and Exhibition, March 2-5, 2008, Manama, Bahrain.
Lawa, F.A. and F.A. Albayati, 2008. Sequence stratigraphy, facies associations and petroleum systems of Maastrictian, Selandian, Thanetian, Ypresian and Lutetian successions from Kurdistan region, northeast Iraq. GeoArabia, v. 12, no. 2, p. 208 (abstract).
Karim, K. H. 1997. Stratigraphy of the Sartak-Bamo area, Northeastern Iraq, Journal of Iraqi Geological Society (in press)
Ameen ( or Lawa), F., A. (2008) Sequence Stratigraphy and Basin Modeling of the Eocene Succession from Kurdistan Region, Northeastern Iraq. AAPG Search and Discovery Article # 90077, GEO 2008 Middle East Conference and Exhibition, Manama, Bahrain