رِؤلَي به شي جيؤلؤجي له دروست كردني تونيَلى ئه زمرِ
Role of the Department of Geology in Construction of
Azmir (Azmr) Tunne
Professor Kamal Haji Karim and Dr Khalid Mahmood Ismail (from left: first and sixth person in the photo respectively) on Azmir mountain with Iranian experts who try to find the best location for the tunnel
Specification of the Azmir (Azmr) tunnel
1-The length of the tunnel is 2344m
2- The cost of construction (without ventilation and electric lighting) was 13,299,000 US Dollars
3- The contract of construction was given to ICG Iranian Company at 10-8-2004.
4-The cross section of the tunnel is horse shoe shape
5- The firs starting of the excavation is started at 24-11-2005
6- It is the largest project in Iraq during last 20 years in Iraq (This is based on time and fuel reducing benefits and environmental protection).
7- It reduces used up fuel and time by more than three times during traveling between Sulaimani city and Chuarta-Mawat area.
8- The inlet (southern end) and outlet elevations above sea level are 1216m and 1230m respectively
9- it is about 580m below the peak of the Azmir mountain
10- The amount of excavated rock materials are about 500,000 tons
11- The difference in elevation between inlet (1216) and outlet (1236) is 20m. The tunnel has slope toward Sulaimani city for transferring ground water and stream for water Chwarta area to the city
of about 63 m only excavated
with professor Kamal Haji Karim
of 60m from the inlet ( southwestern end
when only 63m of the it drilled at 13-8-2005. The supporting steel ribs can be seen along the wall of the tunnel
the Shiranish Formation (marly limestone)